Lipids fulfill multiple specialized roles in neuronal function. In brain, the conduction of electrical impulses, synaptic function, and complex signaling pathways depend on the temporally and spatially coordinated interactions of specialized lipids (e.g., arachidonic acid and plasmalogens), proteins (e.g., ion channels, phospholipases and cyclooxygenases) and integrative lipid-protein interactions. Recent technical advances in mass spectrometry have allowed unparalled insight into the roles of lipids in neuronal function. Through shotgun lipidomics and multidimensional mass spectrometry, in conjunction with the identification of new classes of phospholipases (e.g., calcium dependent and calcium independent intracellular phospholipases), new roles for lipids in cerebral function have been accrued. This review summarizes the advances in our understanding of the types of lipids and phospholipases in the brain and the role of functional lipidomics in increasing our chemical understanding of complex neuronal processes.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators|
|Issue number||1-4 SPEC. ISS.|
|State||Published - Sep 2005|
- Ion channels