Functional expression and segmental localization of rat colonic K- adenosine triphosphatase

J. Lee, V. M. Rajendran, A. S. Mann, M. Kashgarian, H. J. Binder

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73 Scopus citations

Abstract

A putative cDNA for the colonic K-ATPase has recently been cloned (Crowson, M. S., and G. E. Shull. 1992. J. Biol. Chem. 267:13740-13748). Considerable evidence exists that there are two K-ATPases and active K absorptive processes in the rat distal colon: one that is ouabain sensitive and the other ouabain insensitive. The present study used the baculovirus expression system to express K-ATPase activity in insect Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf 9) cells and a polyclonal antibody (M-1), developed against a fusion protein produced from the 327 nucleotide fragment from 5' coding region of the putative K-ATPase cDNA, to identify the specific localization of the K-ATPase protein. K-ATPase activity (28.7±1.2 nmol inorganic phosphate/mg protein mini was expressed in plasma membranes isolated from Sf 9 cells infected with baculovirus containing recombinant DNA with the putative K-ATPase cDNA. K(m) for K for the K-ATPase was 1.2 mM. The expressed K-ATPase activity was not inhibited by ouabain (1mM); while the K(i) for vanadate inhibition was 8.3 μM. Western blot analysis with the M-1 antibody identified a 100-kD protein in apical membranes prepared from distal, but not proximal, rat colon. Immunohistochemical studies with M-1 antibody localized K-AT-Past only in the apical membrane of surface cells, while an mAb (c464.6) against Na,K-ATPase localized basolateral membranes of both surface and crypt cells of cat distal colon. In conclusion, the putative K-ATPase cDNA encodes an ouabain-insensitive K-ATPase that is present only in the apical membrane of surface cells of rat distal colon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2002-2008
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume96
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

Keywords

  • K-H exchange
  • Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf 9) cells
  • active K absorption
  • colonic K-ATPase
  • ouabain sensitivity

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