Functional consequences of elimination of I(to, f) and I(to, s) early afterdepolarizations, atrioventricular block, and ventricular arrhythmias in mice lacking Kv1.4 and Expressing a dominant-negative Kv4 α subunit

Weinong Guo, Huilin Li, Barry London, Jeanne M. Nerbonne

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Abstract

It was recently reported that the slow transient outward K+ current, I(to, s,) that is evident in mouse left ventricular septal cells is eliminated in mice with a targeted deletion of the Kv1.4 gene (Kv1.4(-/-)). The rapidly inactivating transient outward K+ current, I(to, f), in contrast, is selectively eliminated in ventricular myocytes isolated from transgenic mice expressing a dominant-negative Kv4 α subunit, Kv4.2W362F. Expression of Kv4.2W362F results in marked prolongation of action potentials and QT intervals. In addition, a slow transient outward K+ current, that is similar to I(to, s) in wild-type mouse left ventricular septal cells, is evident in all Kv4.2W362F-expressing (left and right) ventricular cells. To test directly the hypothesis that upregulation of Kv 1.4 α subunit underlies the appearance of this slow transient outward K+ current in Kv4.2W362F-expressing ventricular cells and to explore the functional consequences of elimination of I(to, f) and I(to, s) mice expressing Kv4.2W362F in the Kv 1.4(-/-) background (Kv4.2W362FxKv1.4(-/-)) were generated. Histological and echocardiographic studies revealed no evidence of structural abnormalities or contractile dysfunction in Kv4.2W362FxKv1.4(-/-) mouse hearts. Electrophysiological recordings from the majority (≃80%) of cells isolated from the right ventricle and left ventricular apex of Kv4.2W362FxKv1.4(-/-) animals demonstrated that both I(to, f) and I(to, s) are eliminated; action potentials are prolonged significantly; and, in some cells, early afterdepolarizations were observed. In addition, in vivo telemetric ECG recordings from Kv4.2W362FxKv1.4(-/-) animals revealed marked QT prolongation, atrioventricular block, and ventricular tachycardia. These observations demonstrate that upregulation of Kv1.4 contributes to the electrical remodeling evident in the ventricles of Kv4.2W362F-expressing mice and that elimination of both I(to,f) and I(to,s) has dramatic functional consequences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-79
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation research
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 7 2000

Keywords

  • Atrioventricular block
  • Early afterdepolarization
  • Transient outward K currents
  • Ventricular arrhythmia

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