Functional connectivity for somatosensory and motor cortex in spastic diplegia

Harold Burton, Sachin Dixit, Patricia Litkowski, Jason R. Wingert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Functional connectivity (fcMRI) was analyzed in individuals with spastic diplegia and age-matched controls. Pearson correlations (r-values) were computed between resting state spontaneous activity in selected seed regions (sROI) and each voxel throughout the brain. Seed ROI were centered on foci activated by tactile stimulation of the second fingertip in somatosensory and parietal dorsal attention regions. The group with diplegia showed significantly expanded networks for the somatomotor but not dorsal attention areas. These expanded networks overran nearly all topological representations in somatosensory and motor areas despite a sROI in a fingertip focus. A possible underlying cause for altered fcMRI in the group with dipegia, and generally sensorimotor deficits in spastic diplegia, is that prenatal third trimester white-matter injury leads to localized damage to subplate neurons. We hypothesize that intracortical connections become dominant in spastic diplegia through successful competition with diminished or absent thalamocortical inputs. Similar to the effects of subplate ablations on ocular dominance columns (Kanold and Shatz, Neuron 2006;51:627638), a spike timing-dependent plasticity model is proposed to explain a shift towards intracortical inputs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-104
Number of pages15
JournalSomatosensory and Motor Research
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Diplegia
  • Humans
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Spontaneous activity

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