Functional Bph14 from Rathu Heenati promotes resistance to BPH at the early seedling stage of rice (Oryza sativa L.) as revealed by QTL-seq

Sarinthip Pannak, Samart Wanchana, Wanchana Aesomnuk, Mutiara K. Pitaloka, Watchareewan Jamboonsri, Meechai Siangliw, Blake C. Meyers, Theerayut Toojinda, Siwaret Arikit

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Abstract

Key message: A QTL associated with BPH resistance at the early seedling stage was identified on chromosome 3. Functional Bph14 in Rathu Heenati was associated with BPH resistance at the early seedling stage. Abstract: Brown planthopper (BPH; Nilaparvata lugens Stål) is considered the most important rice pest in many Asian countries. Several BPH resistance genes have previously been identified. However, there are few reports of genes specific for BPH resistance at the early seedling stage, a crucial stage for direct-seeding cultivation. In this study, we performed a QTL-seq analysis using two bulks (20 F2 lines in each bulk) of the F2 population (n = 300) derived from a cross of Rathu Heenati (RH) × HCS-1 to identify QTL/genes associated with BPH resistance at the early seedling stage. An important QTL was identified on chromosome 3 and Bph14 was identified as a potential candidate gene based on the differences in gene expression and sequence variation when compared with the two parents. All plants in the resistant bulks possessed the functional Bph14 from RH and all plants in the susceptible bulk and HCS-1 contained a large deletion (2703 bp) in Bph14. The functional Bph14 gene of RH appears to be important for BPH resistance at the early seedling stage of rice and could be used in conjunction with other BPH resistance genes in rice breeding programs that confer resistance to BPH at the early and later growth stages.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume136
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

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