Frontonasal malformation and cloacal exstrophy: A previously unreported association

Nathaniel H. Robin, Julie A. Neidich, Lynn D. Bason, Linton A. Whitaker, Donna McDonald-McGinn, Jill Hunter, Howard M. Snyder, Elaine H. Zackai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


We report on a child with frontonasal malformation (FNM) and cloacal exstrophy, a combination of findings that have not been reported previously. In FNM and cloacal exstrophy, associated malformations are rare. FNM and cloacal exstrophy both represent abnormalities of the development of the midline field; this combination of anomalies in this patient suggests an impairment of caudal and cranial midline development during blastogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-78
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of medical genetics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2 1996


  • frontonasal dysplasia
  • frontonasal malformation
  • median cleft face
  • midline development
  • midline field defect


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