Frequent Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase Promoter and Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 3 Mutations Support the Precursor Nature of Papillary Urothelial Hyperplasia of the Urinary Bladder

Liang Cheng, Antonio Lopez-Beltran, Mingsheng Wang, Rumeal D. Whaley, Andre De Souza, Sammy Au, Rongbin Ge, Alessia Cimadamore, Ali Amin, Borivoj Golijanin, Gregory T. MacLennan, Adeboye O. Osunkoya, Rodolfo Montironi, Shaobo Zhang

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The precursor nature of papillary urothelial hyperplasia of the urinary bladder is uncertain. In this study, we investigated the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) promoter and fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) mutations in 82 patients with papillary urothelial hyperplasia lesions. Thirty-eight patients presented with papillary urothelial hyperplasia and concurrent noninvasive papillary urothelial carcinoma, and 44 patients presented with de novo papillary urothelial hyperplasia. The prevalence of the TERT promoter and FGFR3 mutations is compared between de novo papillary urothelial hyperplasia and those with concurrent papillary urothelial carcinoma. Mutational concordance between papillary urothelial hyperplasia and concurrent carcinoma was also compared. The TERT promoter mutations were detected in 44% (36/82) of papillary urothelial hyperplasia, including 23 (23/38, 61%) papillary urothelial hyperplasia with urothelial carcinoma and 13 (13/44, 29%) de novo papillary urothelial hyperplasia. The overall concordance of TERT promoter mutation status between papillary urothelial hyperplasia and concurrent urothelial carcinoma was 76%. The overall FGFR3 mutation rate of papillary urothelial hyperplasia was 23% (19/82). FGFR3 mutations were detected in 11 patients with papillary urothelial hyperplasia and concurrent urothelial carcinoma (11/38, 29%) and 8 patients with de novo papillary urothelial hyperplasia (8/44, 18%). Identical FGFR3 mutation status was detected in both papillary urothelial hyperplasia and urothelial carcinoma components in all 11 patients with FGFR3 mutations. Our findings provide strong evidence of a genetic association between papillary urothelial hyperplasia and urothelial carcinoma. High frequency of TERT promoter and FGFR3 mutations suggests the precursor role of papillary urothelial hyperplasia in urothelial carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100151
JournalModern Pathology
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • bladder
  • fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3)
  • molecular genetics
  • papillary urothelial hyperplasia
  • precursor/premalignant lesion
  • telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter
  • urothelial carcinogenesis

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