Free Functional Muscle Transfers to Restore Upper Extremity Function

Emily M. Krauss, Thomas H. Tung, Amy M. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Free functional muscle transfer provides an option for functional restoration when nerve reconstruction and tendon transfers are not feasible. To ensure a successful outcome, many factors need to be optimized, including proper patient selection, timing of intervention, donor muscle and motor nerve selection, optimal microneurovascular technique and tension setting, proper postoperative management, and appropriate rehabilitation. Functional outcomes of various applications to the upper extremity and the authors' algorithm for the use of free functional muscle transfer are also included in this article.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-256
Number of pages14
JournalHand clinics
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 2016


  • Brachial plexus
  • Free tissue transfer
  • Intercostal nerves
  • Microsurgery
  • Muscle transfer
  • Nerve graft
  • Nerve regeneration
  • Nerve transfer


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