Free flaps as flow-through vascular conduits for simultaneous coverage and revascularization of the hand or digit

Keith Brandt, Roger K. Khouri, Joseph Upton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

In complex extremity injuries, which include volar skin loss and ischemic digits, simultaneous coverage and revascularization are required. In this series of 12 patients, free-tissue transfers were utilized to provide both soft-tissue coverage and a flow-through arterial conduit for revascularization. Eleven cases involved the hand or digits, and one case involved the great toe. Six cases were performed for acute ischemia associated with traumatic soft-tissue loss. The remaining six flaps were utilized to lengthen contracted vascular pedicles and provide vascularized soft-tissue coverage during reconstruction of severe hand and foot contractures. Nine temporoparietal fascia free flaps were used for hand or digit revascularization. Two fillet flaps were created, one from a nonreplantable foot and another from an isolated index amputation. The distal end of the axial artery of the flap was anastomosed to a digital artery to restore circulation. Fascial flaps were covered with full-thickness skin grafts. Primary wound healing was achieved in all patients. There were no flap losses or other complications. All the distal parts were revascularized adequately by the axial arteries of the flaps, and functional recovery was good. In this technique, the flap satisfied the need for both coverage and revascularization. Vein grafts were not needed. This series further describes the utility of flow-through flaps in the revascularization of digits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-327
Number of pages7
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery
Volume98
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Free flaps as flow-through vascular conduits for simultaneous coverage and revascularization of the hand or digit'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this