Four common types of bursitis: Diagnosis and management

Daniel L. Aaron, Amar Patel, Stephen Kayiaros, Ryan Calfee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bursitis is a common cause of musculoskeletal pain and often prompts orthopaedic consultation. Bursitis must be distinguished from arthritis, fracture, tendinitis, and nerve pathology. Common types of bursitis include prepatellar, olecranon, trochanteric, and retrocalcaneal. Most patients respond to nonsurgical management, including ice, activity modification, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In cases of septic bursitis, oral antibiotics may be administered. Local corticosteroid injection may be used in the management of prepatellar and olecranon bursitis; however, steroid injection into the retrocalcaneal bursa may adversely affect the biomechanical properties of the Achilles tendon. Surgical intervention may be required for recalcitrant bursitis, such as refractory trochanteric bursitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-367
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

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