Focal hepatic lesions: Diagnostic value of enhancement pattern approach with contrast-enhanced 3D gradient-echo MR imaging

Khaled M. Elsayes, Vamsidhar R. Narra, Yuming Yin, Govind Mukundan, Markus Lammle, Jeffrey J. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations

Abstract

Focal hepatic lesions constitute a daily challenge in the clinical setting. However, noninvasive methods can be useful in the detection and characterization of these lesions. The noninvasive diagnosis of liver lesions is usually achieved with contrast material-enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Dynamic three-dimensional gradient-recalled- echo MR imaging provides dynamic contrast-enhanced thin-section images with fat saturation and a high signal-to-noise ratio and is excellent for the evaluation of various focal hepatic lesions. A comprehensive MR imaging examination in this setting includes T2-weighted and chemical shift T1-weighted imaging and demonstrates characteristic enhancement patterns that can be helpful in the diagnosis of most of these lesions. These enhancement patterns are seen during particular phases of contrast-enhanced imaging and include arterial phase enhancement, delayed phase enhancement, peripheral washout, ring enhancement, nodule-within-a-nodule enhancement, true central scar, pseudocentral scar, and pseudocapsule. Familiarity with these enhancement patterns can help in the identification of specific focal lesions of the liver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1299-1320
Number of pages22
JournalRadiographics
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

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