Fluorescent derivatives of σ Receptor ligand 1-cyclohexyl-4-[3-(5- methoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)propyl]piperazine (PB28) as a tool for uptake and cellular localization studies in pancreatic tumor cells

Carmen Abate, John R. Hornick, Dirk Spitzer, William G. Hawkins, Mauro Niso, Roberto Perrone, Francesco Berardi

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29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fluorescent derivatives of σ 2 high affinity ligand 1-cyclohexyl-4-[3-(5-methoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)propyl] piperazine 1 (PB28) were synthesized. NBD or dansyl fluorescent tags were connected through a 5- or 6-atom linker in two diverse positions of 1 structure. Good σ 2 affinities were obtained when the fluorescent tag was linked to 5-methoxytetralin nucleus replacing the methyl function. NBD-bearing compound 16 displayed high σ 2 affinity (K i = 10.8 nM) and optimal fluorescent properties. Its uptake in pancreatic tumor cells was evaluated by flow cytometry, showing that it partially occurs through endocytosis. In proliferating cells, the uptake was higher supporting that σ 2 receptors are markers of cell proliferation and that the higher the proliferation is, the stronger the antiproliferative effect of σ 2 agonists is. Colocalization of 16 with subcellular organelles was studied by confocal microscopy: the greatest was in endoplasmic reticulum and lysosomes. Fluorescent σ 2 ligands show their potential in clarifying the mechanisms of action of σ 2 receptors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5858-5867
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume54
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 2011

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