Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and photobleaching recovery of multiple binding reactions. II. FPR and FCS measurements at low and high DNA concentrations

R. D. Icenogle, E. L. Elson

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Abstract

The preceding paper develops the theory for the interpretation of fluorescence photobleaching recovery (FPR) measurements of multiple binding of a ligand to a multivalent substrate molecule. Based on a reasonable assumption about the mechanism of the photobleaching process, this analysis shows that the observed behavior of a multivalent system should be practically identical to that of a univalent binding system. This is in contrast to the expected and observed behavior of fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) measurments. Experimental FPR measurements of multivalent binding of ethidium bromide to DNA confirm these conclusions. The FCS and FPR measurements also reveal an apparently enhanced diffusion of ethidium at high DNA concentration. This enhancement might result from direct transfer of ethidium among DNA molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1949-1966
Number of pages18
JournalBiopolymers
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1983

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