Fluid-structure interaction models based on patient-specific IVUS at baseline and follow-up for prediction of coronary plaque progression by morphological and biomechanical factors: A preliminary study

Liang Wang, Dalin Tang, Akiko Maehara, Zheyang Wu, Chun Yang, David Muccigrosso, Jie Zheng, Richard Bach, Kristen L. Billiar, Gary S. Mintz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plaque morphology and biomechanics are believed to be closely associated with plaque progression. In this paper, we test the hypothesis that integrating morphological and biomechanical risk factors would result in better predictive power for plaque progression prediction. A sample size of 374 intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) slices was obtained from 9 patients with IVUS follow-up data. 3D fluid-structure interaction models were constructed to obtain both structural stress/strain and fluid biomechanical conditions. Data for eight morphological and biomechanical risk factors were extracted for each slice. Plaque area increase (PAI) and wall thickness increase (WTI) were chosen as two measures for plaque progression. Progression measure and risk factors were fed to generalized linear mixed models and linear mixed-effect models to perform prediction and correlation analysis, respectively. All combinations of eight risk factors were exhausted to identify the optimal predictor(s) with highest prediction accuracy defined as sum of sensitivity and specificity. When using a single risk factor, plaque wall stress (PWS) at baseline was the best predictor for plaque progression (PAI and WTI). The optimal predictor among all possible combinations for PAI was PWS + PWSn + Lipid percent + Min cap thickness + Plaque Area (PA) + Plaque Burden (PB) (prediction accuracy = 1.5928) while Wall Thickness (WT) + Plaque Wall Strain (PWSn) + Plaque Area (PA) was the best for WTI (1.2589). This indicated that PAI was a more predictable measure than WTI. The combination including both morphological and biomechanical parameters had improved prediction accuracy, compared to predictions using only morphological features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-50
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume68
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 8 2018

Keywords

  • Coronary
  • Fluid–structure interaction
  • Follow-up study
  • IVUS
  • Plaque progression

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Fluid-structure interaction models based on patient-specific IVUS at baseline and follow-up for prediction of coronary plaque progression by morphological and biomechanical factors: A preliminary study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this