Flexor digitorum profundus tendon-to-bone repair: An ex vivo biomechanical analysis of 3 pullout suture techniques

M. J. Silva, S. B. Hollstien, M. D. Brodt, M. I. Boyer, A. M. Tetro, R. H. Gelberman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Avulsions or distal transsections of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon are typically repaired by direct suture of tendon to the distal phalanx. The tensile properties of tendon-to-bone repairs performed in cadaver fingers using 3 common suture patterns, the Bunnell, the Kessler, and the Kleinert techniques, were compared; 3-0 Prolene (monofilament) suture was used. Repairs done using the Kessler pattern had an average yield force of 30 N, compared to 39 N for the Bunnell and Kleinert patterns. Although these average yield forces were greater than that required for active digital flexion, considerable elongation (average, 8 mm) was measured at a force of 20 N. Data indicated that the safety factor achieved with these repair methods is lower than that achieved with modern tendon-to-tendon repair methods. The authors conclude that the common tendon-to-bone repair techniques are insufficient to withstand the higher forces associated with controlled passive and active motion rehabilitation methods that are currently advocated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-126
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

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