Two soluble flavoproteins, purified from Escherichia coli cytosol and identified as flavodoxin and NADPH-flavodoxin (ferredoxin) reductase (flavodoxin reductase), have been found in combination to support the 17α- hydroxylase activities of heterologously expressed bovine 17α-hydroxylase cytochrome P450 (P450c17). Physical characteristics of the two flavoproteins including absorbance spectra, molecular weights, and amino-terminal sequences are identical with those reported previously for E. coli flavodoxin and flavodoxin reductase. Flavodoxin reductase, possessing FAD as a cofactor, is able to reconstitute P450c17 activities only in the presence of flavodoxin, an FMN-containing protein, and NAD(P)H. Reducing equivalents are utilized more effectively from NADPH than NADH by flavodoxin reductase. E. coli flavodoxin binds P450c17 directly and with relatively high affinity (apparent K(s) ~ 0.2 μM) at low ionic strength, as evidenced by a change in spin state of the P450c17 heme iron upon titration with flavodoxin. This apparent spin shift is attenuated at moderate ionic strengths (100-200 mM KCl). In addition, bovine P450c17 binds reversibly to flavodoxin Sepharose in an ionic strength-dependent manner. These data implicate charge pairing as being important for the interaction between flavodoxin and P450c17. We propose that the amino acid sequence similarity between E. coli flavodoxin-flavodoxin reductase and the putative FMN, FAD, and NAD(P)H binding regions of cytochrome P450 reductase provides the basis for the reconstitution of P450c17 activities by this bacterial system.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1994|