Fixed-Bearing Medial Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty in Patients Younger Than 55 Years of Age at 4-19 Years of Follow-Up: A Concise Follow-Up of a Previous Report

Tyler E. Calkins, Charles P. Hannon, Yale A. Fillingham, Chris C. Culvern, Richard A. Berger, Craig J. Della Valle

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is an effective alternative to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in isolated unicompartmental disease; however, mid-term to long-term results in young patients are unknown. The purpose of this study is to determine the mid-term outcomes of fixed-bearing medial UKA in patients less than 55 years of age. Methods: Seventy-seven fixed-bearing medial UKAs in patients less than 55 years of age (mean 49.9, range 38-55) from a previously published report were retrospectively reviewed at a mean follow-up of 11.2 years (range 4.1-19.2). Results: Eleven knees were converted to TKA (14.3%) at 0.7-13.8 years postoperatively. The indications for revision included 7 for unexplained pain (9.1%), 2 for grade 4 arthritic progression (1 isolated lateral and 1 lateral and patellofemoral compartments; 2.6%), 1 for polyethylene wear (1.3%), and 1 for femoral component loosening (1.3%). Predicted survivorship free from component revision was 90.4% (95% confidence interval 86.9-93.9) at 10 years and 75.1% (95% confidence interval 66.2-84.0) at 19 years. The mean Knee Society Score improved from a mean of 51.9-88.6 points (P < .001). Of the 52 knees with 4-year minimum radiographs, 3 (5.8%) developed isolated grade 4 patellofemoral arthritis that was asymptomatic, and no knees had evidence of component loosening or osteolysis. Conclusion: Fixed-bearing medial UKA is a durable option for young patients with unicompartmental arthritis, with good clinical outcomes at mid-term follow-up. Unexplained pain was the most common reason for revision to TKA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)917-921
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • arthroplasty
  • knee
  • medial
  • medial fixed-bearing arthroplasty
  • unicompartmental arthroplasty
  • young patients

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