Background: The Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) developed consensus treatment plans (CTPs) to compare treatment initiation strategies for systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA). First-line options for sJIA treatment (FROST) was a prospective observational study to assess CTP outcomes using the CARRA Registry. Methods: Patients with new-onset sJIA were enrolled if they received initial treatment according to the biologic CTPs (IL-1 or IL-6 inhibitor) or non-biologic CTPs (glucocorticoid (GC) monotherapy or methotrexate). CTPs could be used with or without systemic GC. Primary outcome was achievement of clinical inactive disease (CID) at 9 months without current use of GC. Due to the small numbers of patients in the non-biologic CTPs, no statistical comparisons were made between the CTPs. Results: Seventy-three patients were enrolled: 63 (86%) in the biologic CTPs and 10 (14%) in the non-biologic CTPs. CTP choice appeared to be strongly influenced by physician preference. During the first month of follow-up, oral GC use was observed in 54% of biologic CTP patients and 90% of non-biologic CTPs patients. Five (50%) non-biologic CTP patients subsequently received biologics within 4 months of follow-up. Overall, 30/53 (57%) of patients achieved CID at 9 months without current GC use. Conclusion: Nearly all patients received treatment with biologics during the study period, and 46% of biologic CTP patients did not receive oral GC within the first month of treatment. The majority of patients had favorable short-term clinical outcomes. Increased use of biologics and decreased use of GC may lead to improved outcomes in sJIA.
- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
- Still’s disease
- Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis