Background/Purpose Early clinical predictors for the use of ECMO in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) are lacking. We sought to evaluate the first 24-h SNAP-II score and highest PaCO2 as predictors of ECMO support and in-hospital mortality in neonates with CDH. Methods Retrospective review of 47 consecutive neonates with CDH admitted to our institution from January 2007 to December 2010 was performed. Covariates of ECMO use including SNAP-II score and highest PaCO2 within the first 24 h of NICU admission were evaluated. Results Of the 47 infants in this study, 24 patients were supported with ECMO. The ECMO group had a higher incidence of pulmonary hypertension, higher PaCO2, and higher 24-h SNAP-II scores. Only the SNAP-II score and not highest PaCO2 predicted mortality following multivariate adjustment. Conclusions The first 24-h SNAP-II score and highest PaCO2 may provide some prognostic value in identifying neonates who undergo ECMO support; however neither measure was independently associated with the use of therapy. Only the SNAP-II score was associated with in-hospital mortality following multivariate adjustment. Additional study is needed to validate these results in a larger data set.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Pediatric Surgery|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2013|
- Congenital diaphragmatic
- Extracorporeal membrane
- SNAP-II score