Fifty Years of Global Cardiovascular Research in Africa: A Scientometric Analysis, 1971 to 2021

Jean Jacques Noubiap, Dominic Millenaar, Dike Ojji, Q. Eileen Wafford, Christian Ukena, Michael Böhm, Karen Sliwa, Mark D. Huffman, Felix Mahfoud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: To analyze the quantity and impact of cardiovascular research done in Africa or coauthored by researchers based in Africa, their determinants, and the patterns of research collaboration. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrieved data from Web of Science and additional sources. We analyzed temporal trends from 1971 to 2021 and geographical distribution, research impact using country-level h-index, international research cooperation, and associations of research quantity and quality using linear regression. The annual volume of cardiovascular research from Africa has increased from 4 publications in 1971 to 3867 in 2020 and currently represents ~3% of the global cardiovascular research output. Authors from South Africa (28.1%) and Egypt (24.1%) accounted for more than half of all publications from African countries, and they had the highest h-index (209 and 111, respectively). Important collaborators outside Africa included the United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Australia. The country’s publication count was associated with larger population size (P<0.001), whereas the country’s h-index was associated with larger population size (P=0.001) and higher human development index (P=0.023). International collaboration was dominated by the United States, South Africa, United Kingdom, Egypt, and Canada. The level of collaboration between African countries was lower than their collaboration with non-African countries. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiovascular research output from African authors remains low, despite marked progress over the past 5 decades. These findings highlight the urgent need to improve the quantity and quality of cardiovascular research in Africa through increased investments, training of human resources, improved infrastructures, and expansion of collaborative research networks, particularly within Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere027670
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 7 2023


  • Africa
  • bibliometric
  • cardiovascular research
  • h-index
  • scientometry


Dive into the research topics of 'Fifty Years of Global Cardiovascular Research in Africa: A Scientometric Analysis, 1971 to 2021'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this