Fibroblasts from patients with I-cell disease and pseudo-Hurler polydystrophy are deficient in uridine 5'-diphosphate-N-acetylglucosamine: Glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminylphosphotransferase activity

M. L. Reitman, A. Varki, S. Kornfeld

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Abstract

Newly synthesized acid hydrolases, destined for transport to lysosomes, acquire a phosphomannosyl targeting signal by the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine 1-phosphate from uridine 5'-diphosphate (UDP)-N-acetylglucosamine to a mannose residue of the acid hydrolase followed by removal of the outer, phosphodiester-linked N-acetylglucosamine to expose 6-phosphomannose. This study demonstrates that fibroblasts from patients with the lysosomal enzyme storage diseases, I-cell disease (mucolipodosis II) and pseudo-Hurler polydystrophy (mucolipidosis III), are severely deficient in UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminylphosphotransferase, the first enzyme of the sequence. The N-acetylglucosaminylphosphotransferase activity (assayed using endogenous acceptors) in cultures from six normal subjects ranged from 0.67 to 1.46 pmol N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate transferred/mg protein per h, whereas five pseudo-Hurler polydystrophy and five I-cell disease cultures transferred <0.02 pmol/mg protein per h. The activity in five other pseudo-Hurler cultures ranged from 0.02 to 0.27 pmol transferred/mg protein per h. The activity of α-N-acetylglucosaminyl phosphodiesterase, the enzyme responsible for phosphomonoester exposure, is normal or elevated in cultured fibroblasts from both I-cell disease and pseudo-Hurler polydystrophy patients. The deficiency of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:glycoprotein N-acetyl-glucosaminylphosphotranferase explains the biochemical abnormalities prevoiusly observed in I-cell diseaes and pseudo-Hurler polydystrophy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1574-1579
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume67
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981

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