Fibrillin-1 and -2 are large modular extracellular matrix glyco-proteins found in many vertebrate organ systems and are known to be key components of the elastic fibre. In the present study, we identify a new heparin-binding region in fibrillin-2 between exons 18 and 24. Additionally, we have narrowed the location of heparin-binding activity previously identified in fibrillin-1 to the last 17 residues of the mature proteolytically processed protein. This domain demonstrated higher activity as a multimer than as a monomer. The fibrillin-1 C-terminal site supported cell attachment in each of nine cell types tested. Attachment was shown to be mediated by cell-surface heparan sulphate proteoglycans. Fibrillin-1 has been shown previously to have heparin-binding activity that is important for matrix deposition of the molecule by fibroblasts. This function in deposition was confirmed in two additional fibrillin-producing cell types (osteosarcoma and epithelial cells) for the deposition of both fibrillin-1 and -2 into the extracellular matrix.
- Extracellular matrix
- Heparin/heparan sulphate binding