Female reproductive health in pediatric, adolescent, and young adult cancer survivors

Holly R. Hoefgen, Janie Benoit, Serena Chan, Yasmin Jayasinghe, Maryam Lustberg, Victoria Pohl, Amanda Saraf, Deb Schmidt, Leslie Coker Appiah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


An estimated 500,000 cancer survivors of reproductive age in the United States will live to experience the long-term consequences of cancer treatment. Therefore, a focused aspect of cancer care has appropriately shifted to include quality of life in survivorship. Infertility is a late effect of therapy that affects 12% of female survivors of childhood cancer receiving any cancer treatment in large cohort studies and results in a 40% decreased likelihood of pregnancy in young adults of ages 18–39 years. Nonfertility gynecologic late effects such as hypoestrogenism, radiation-induced uterine and vaginal injury, genital graft-versus-host disease after hematopoietic stem cell transplant, and sexual dysfunction also significantly affect quality of life in survivorship but are underdiagnosed and require consideration. Several articles in the special edition “Reproductive Health in Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivorship” address infertility, genital graft-versus-host disease, and psychosexual functioning in survivorship. This review article focuses on other adverse gynecologic outcomes of cancer therapies including hypogonadism and hormone replacement therapy, radiation-induced uterovaginal injury, vaccination and contraception, breast and cervical cancer screening, and pregnancy considerations in survivorship.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere29170
JournalPediatric Blood and Cancer
Issue numberS5
StatePublished - Sep 2023


  • gynecology
  • late effects
  • quality of life
  • reproductive health
  • survivor care


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