Female Criminality and the Prediction of Recidivism: A Prospective Six-Year Follow-up

Ronald L. Martin, C. Robert Cloninger, Samuel B. Guze

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    19 Scopus citations


    A prospective, six-year follow-up investigation of 66 convicted female felons indicated that psychiatric, social, and familial factors defined and measured at the time of the index study affected the rate of criminal recidivism. Wide individual variation in the course of female criminality was observed. Prolonged supervision on parole or probation appeared to have therapeutic benefit. The most powerful predictors of recidivism were the diagnoses of drug dependence and antisocial personality, and a history of homosexuality. Familial criminality and maternal hysteria were also associated with an increased risk of serious and persistent recidivism. Educational, marital, and employment status contributed to a lesser extent, while race and type of index offense were only significant (P <.05) when minor offenses were considered.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)207-214
    Number of pages8
    JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - Feb 1978


    Dive into the research topics of 'Female Criminality and the Prediction of Recidivism: A Prospective Six-Year Follow-up'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this