Feasibility and safety of same-day discharge following single-port robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy

Shiva Balasubramanian, Carrie Ronstrom, Alexander Shiang, Joel M. Vetter, Julia Sheets, Joshua Palka, R. Sherburne Figenshau, Eric H. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The standard discharge pathway following robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) involves overnight hospital admission. Models for same-day discharge (SDD) have been explored for multiport RALP, however, less is known regarding SDD for single-port RALP, especially in terms of patient experience. Methods: Patient enrollment, based on preoperative determination of potential SDD eligibility, commenced March 2020 and ended March 2021. Day-of-surgery criteria were utilized to determine which enrolled patients underwent SDD. Differences in preoperative characteristics and perioperative outcomes between patients undergoing SDD and patients undergoing standard discharge were evaluated. A prospectively administered questionnaire was designed to characterize patient-centered factors informing SDD perception. Results: Fifteen patients underwent SDD and 36 underwent standard discharge. Overall mean ± SD age and BMI were 63.6 ± 7.0 years and 29.7 ± 4.4 kg/m2, respectively. Mean operative time was shorter in the SDD cohort than the standard discharge cohort (188 min vs 217 min, p = 0.011). A higher proportion of cases that underwent SDD were performed using the Retzius-sparing approach, 80% (12/15) vs 33% (12/36) in the standard discharge cohort (p = 0.005). Rates of 90 day complication (p = 0.343), 90 day readmission (p = 0.144), and 90 day emergency department visits (p = 0.343) rates were all not significantly different between cohorts. Of questionnaire respondents undergoing standard discharge, 32% (8/25) cited pain as a reason for not undergoing SDD. Conclusions: With comparable outcomes to the standard discharge pathway, SDD is safe and effective in single-port RALP. Post-operative pain and perceptions of distance are implicated as patient-centered barriers to SDD; proactive pain management and patient education strategies may facilitate SDD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-41
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Outcomes research
  • Patient discharge
  • Prostatectomy

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