Fatty acid transport protein 4 is dispensable for intestinal lipid absorption in mice

Jien Shim, Casey L. Moulson, Elizabeth P. Newberry, Meei Hua Lin, Yan Xie, Susan M. Kennedy, Jeffrey H. Miner, Nicholas O. Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

FA transport protein 4 (FATP4), one member of a multigene family of FA transporters, was proposed as a major FA transporter in intestinal lipid absorption. Due to the fact that Fatp4-/- mice die because of a perinatal skin defect, we rescued the skin phenotype using an FATP4 transgene driven by a keratinocyte-specific promoter (Fatp4-/ -;Ivl-Fatp4tg/+ mice) to elucidate the role of intestinal FATP4 in dietary lipid absorption. Fatp4-/-;Ivl-Fatp4tg/+ mice and wild-type littermates displayed indistinguishable food consumption, growth, and weight gain on either low or high fat (Western) diets, with no differences in intestinal triglyceride (TG) absorption or fecal fat losses. Cholesterol absorption and intestinal TG absorption kinetics were indistinguishable between the genotypes, although Western diet fed Fatp4-/-;Ivl-Fatp4tg/+ mice showed a significant increase in enterocyte TG and FA content. There was no compensatory upregulation of other FATP family members or any other FA or cholesterol transporters in Fatp4-/-;Ivl-Fatptg/+ mice. Furthermore, although serum cholesterol levels were lower in Fatp4-/-;Ivl-Fatp4tg/+ mice, there was no difference in hepatic VLDL secretion in-vivo or in hepatic lipid content on either a chow or Western diet. Taken together, our studies find no evidence for a physiological role of intestinal FATP4 in dietary lipid absorption in mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-500
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

Keywords

  • Cholesterol
  • Dietary
  • Fat
  • Transporter

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