Fatty acid and very low density lipoprotein metabolism in obese African American and Caucasian women with type 2 diabetes

Bernard V. Miller, Bruce W. Patterson, Adewole Okunade, Samuel Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with increased plasma triglyceride (TG) concentrations, but African Americans (AA) have lower plasma TG than Caucasians (CC). We evaluated the hypothesis that obese AA women have lower plasma TG than obese CC women do because of differences in lipid kinetics. Eleven AA and 11 CC obese women with T2DM, matched on body mass index (BMI) (AA = 37 ± 1, CC = 37 ± 1 kg/m2), age, duration of diabetes, percentage body fat, and insulin sensitivity (SI, determined by an intravenous glucose tolerance test), were studied. Plasma TG concentration (AA = 1.14 ± 0.11, CC = 1.88 ± 0.18 mmol/l), FFA rate of appearance (Ra) into plasma (AA = 419 ± 27, CC = 503 ± 31 μmol·min-1), and total VLDL-TG secretion rate (AA = 18 ± 2, CC = 29 ± 4 μmol·min-1) were lower in AA than CC women (all P < 0.05). In contrast, plasma total apolipoprotein (apo)B-100 concentration (AA = 1,542 ± 179, CC = 1,620 ± 118 nmol/l) and VLDL-apoB-100 secretion rate (AA = 1.3 ± 0.1, CC = 1.3 ± 0.1 nmol·min-1) were similar in both groups, so the molar ratio of VLDL-TG secretion rate to VLDL-apoB-100 secretion rate was lower in AA women than in CC women. VLDL-TG concentration was lower in AA women due to lower total VLDL-TG secretion rate. However, the VLDL-apoB-100 secretion rate was the same in both groups, demonstrating that AA women secrete smaller VLDL particles containing less TG than do CC women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2767-2772
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume53
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Body fat distribution
  • Insulin sensitivity
  • Race
  • Triglyceride metabolism

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