Fast-track management is safe and effective after bowel resection in children with Crohn's disease

Jesse D. Vrecenak, Peter Mattei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background "Fast-track" management (FT) challenges traditional postoperative tenets in order to minimize discomfort and optimize inpatient care. We examined the outcomes of consecutively performed laparoscopic-assisted ileocecectomy for Crohn's disease (CD), with particular focus on FT's effects in patients with underlying bowel inflammation. Methods We retrospectively reviewed all patients undergoing isolated laparoscopic-assisted ileocecectomy for CD at our institution between 12/2000 and 12/2010, excluding patients with multiple areas of surgical CD, bladder involvement, or age > 18 years. Results Seventy-one patients aged 8-18 years underwent isolated laparoscopic-assisted ileocecectomy for CD, of which 45 met FT criteria. Individual practice patterns primarily determined which patients were FT-managed. FT management led to decreased length of stay (LOS), time to first stool, time to full diet, and intravenous narcotic use. No significant difference in complications or disease progression was observed between the two groups during 2-year follow up. Conclusions Our results suggest that FT is safe and effective in patients with CD. In a chronically ill population, counseling patients and families to expect early discharge is critical to the success of this strategy. Despite CD-related GI pathology, FT patients realized benefits in terms of LOS, time to bowel function, and narcotic use without any increase in complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-103
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • Fast track
  • Laparoscopic
  • Postoperative management

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