FAST: A framework for simulation and analysis of large-scale protein-silicon biosensor circuits

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4 Scopus citations


This paper presents a computer aided design (CAD) framework for verification and reliability analysis of protein-silicon hybrid circuits used in biosensors. It is envisioned that similar to integrated circuit (IC) CAD design tools, the proposed framework will be useful for system level optimization of biosensors and for discovery of new sensing modalities without resorting to laborious fabrication and experimental procedures. The framework referred to as FAST analyzes protein-based circuits by solving inverse problems involving stochastic functional elements that admit non-linear relationships between different circuit variables. In this regard, FAST uses a factor-graph netlist as a user interface and solving the inverse problem entails passing messages/signals between the internal nodes of the netlist. Stochastic analysis techniques like density evolution are used to understand the dynamics of the circuit and estimate the reliability of the solution. As an example, we present a complete design flow using FAST for synthesis, analysis and verification of our previously reported conductometric immunoassay that uses antibody-based circuits to implement forward error-correction (FEC).

Original languageEnglish
Article number6395221
Pages (from-to)451-459
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2013


  • Biomolecular circuit
  • biosensors
  • computer-aided design
  • factor-graphs
  • inverse problems
  • message passing
  • simulation


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