Path analysis is used to analyze family resemblance for eight principal components extracted from 30 anthropometric measurements of the craniofacial complex. Based on likelihood ratio tests, the null hypothesis of no assortative mating is rejected for the nasal height component. The null hypothesis of no common sibling environmental effect is rejected for the cranial size, craniofacial breadth, and nasal height components. Finally, the hypothesis that transmission from both mother and father is equal to 1/2, consistent with simple autosomal polygenic inheritance, is rejected for components corresponding to craniofacial breadth and upper facial height, thus implicating some effect of familial environment. Transmissibility is higher for components related to cranial size and facial height than for those to facial breadth or ear dimensions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-238
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Genetics and Developmental Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1985


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