Familial hypercholesterolemia: Screening, diagnosis and management of pediatric and adult patients: Clinical guidance from the National Lipid Association Expert Panel on Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Anne C. Goldberg, Paul N. Hopkins, Peter P. Toth, Christie M. Ballantyne, Daniel J. Rader, Jennifer G. Robinson, Stephen R. Daniels, Samuel S. Gidding, Sarah D. De Ferranti, Matthew K. Ito, Mary P. McGowan, Patrick M. Moriarty, William C. Cromwell, Joyce L. Ross, Paul E. Ziajka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

529 Scopus citations

Abstract

The familial hypercholesterolemias (FH) are a group of genetic defects resulting in severe elevations of blood cholesterol levels and increased risk of premature coronary heart disease. FH is among the most commonly occurring congenital metabolic disorders. FH is a treatable disease. Aggressive lipid lowering is necessary to achieve the target LDL cholesterol reduction of at least 50% or more. Even greater target LDL cholesterol reductions may be necessary for FH patients who have other CHD risk factors. Despite the prevalence of this disease and the availability of effective treatment options, FH is both underdiagnosed and undertreated, particularly among children. Deficiencies in the diagnosis and treatment of FH indicate the need for greatly increased awareness and understanding of this disease, both on the part of the public and of healthcare practitioners. This document provides recommendations for the screening, diagnosis and treatment of FH in pediatric and adult patients developed by the National Lipid Association Expert Panel on Familial Hypercholesterolemia. This report goes beyond previously published guidelines by providing specific clinical guidance for the primary care clinician and lipid specialist with the goal of improving care of patients with FH and reducing their elevated risk for CHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-140
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Lipidology
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • Apheresis
  • Cascade screening
  • Familial hypercholesterolemia
  • Heterozygote
  • Heterozygous
  • Homozygote
  • Homozygous
  • LDL receptor

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