Factors Contributing to Hospital Stay and Total Inpatient Charges in Total Ankle Arthroplasty: Review of the National Inpatient Sample

Jason L. Codding, Benjamin M. Zmistowski, Daniel E. Davis, Mitchell G. Maltenfort, David I. Pedowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is commonly performed for end-stage ankle osteoarthritis. Given rising costs and declining reimbursements, identifying variables increasing length of stay (LOS) and total inpatient charges (TICs) of TAA is necessary for providing cost-effective care. The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was reviewed between 1993 and 2010, identifying LOS and TIC for TAA. Using a multivariate analysis, patient comorbidities, demographics, payment, and hospital details were evaluated. Median LOS decreased from 5 to 2 days, whereas median TICs increased from $21 382.53 to $62 028.00. Regionally, the South and Midwest had decreased TICs, whereas the West had an increased TIC. There was no significant difference in LOS geographically. Rural hospitals demonstrated decreased TICs, whereas urban private hospitals showed decreased LOS and decreased TICs. Large hospitals were associated with increased LOS and TICs. Compared with Medicare, private insurers demonstrated decreased LOS with equivalent TICs. Diabetics significantly increased mean LOS by 1 day, without a significantly increased TIC. Despite a decreased LOS, hospital charges have increased between 1993 and 2010 in TAA. We found that regional differences and hospital characteristics were associated with differences in LOS and TICs. Identification of these factors provides important information to facilities and surgeons. Levels of Evidence: Level IV: Economic/decision analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-235
Number of pages6
JournalFoot and Ankle Specialist
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Keywords

  • database
  • inpatient charges
  • length of stay
  • total ankle arthroplasty

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