Eye-related quality of life and activities of daily living in pediatric retinoblastoma patients: A single-center, non-controlled, cross-sectional analysis

Jacob Wise, Robert Hayashi, Tiffany Wu, Sara Malone, Amer Al Badawi, Allison King, Mae Gordon, Lawrencia Kimera, Gregg Lueder, Margaret Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Childhood retinoblastoma (RB) survivors are known to experience long-term morbidity; however, eye-related quality of life (QoL), which may significantly impact activities of daily living (ADL), has not been extensively studied in this population. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess QoL and ADL morbidity among school-age RB survivors. Methods: The Pediatric Eye Questionnaire (PedEyeQ) and Roll Evaluation Activities of Life (REAL) were administered to childhood RB survivors between ages 5 and 17 followed at St. Louis Children's Hospital. Visual outcomes and demographic predictors of ADL and QoL were examined. Results: Total 23 patients (mean age 9.6 years) consented for participation in this study. All children experienced at least one domain on the PedEyeQ ≤ 80%. Subjects and parents marked functional vision to be the most impacted domain with a median score of 82.5 and 83.4, respectively. Only 10.5% of participants scored above 75% on the ADL percentile rank. On multivariable analysis, decreased visual acuity (VA) was associated with worse “Child Functional” (odds ratio [OR] −59.2, p =.004) and “Parent Worry Function” (OR −66.5, p =.03) metrics. Decreased contrast sensitivity was associated with worse “Parent Impact” (OR 21.0, p =.02) and “Parent Worry Function” (OR 3.70, p =.04) metrics. Longer saccade horizontal latency was associated with a worse “Parent Worry Function” metric (OR 43.0, p =.009). On multivariable analysis, no variable was significantly associated with ADL. Conclusion: RB survivors have impaired QoL and ADL. Screening for such difficulties should strongly be considered for all RB patients. Additional studies may help predict morbidity based on visual metrics and demographic data.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere30479
JournalPediatric Blood and Cancer
Volume70
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • activities of daily living
  • contrast sensitivity
  • quality of life
  • retinoblastoma
  • visual acuity

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