Extracardiac complications of the Fontan circuit

Geetika Khanna, Sanjeev Bhalla, Rajesh Krishnamurthy, Charles Canter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The Fontan operation is the primary surgical procedure used in the palliation of patients with univentricular cardiac physiology. With improved survival of children with congenital heart disease, longterm complications of the Fontan circuit are being encountered more frequently. Radiologists are more likely to see both the cardiac and extracardiac complications of the Fontan circuit. Awareness of the common extracardiac complications in children with failing Fontan circuits will aid the radiologist in making the appropriate diagnosis and guide the cardiologist caring for these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-241
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric radiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2012


  • Cardiac cirrhosis
  • Fontan procedure
  • Plastic bronchitis
  • Protein-losing enteropathy


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