External validation of the SOX-PTS score in a prospective multicenter trial of patients with proximal deep vein thrombosis

for the ATTRACT Trial Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Using data from the SOX Trial, we recently developed a clinical prediction model for occurrence of the postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) after proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT), termed the SOX-PTS score. The score includes anatomical extent of DVT; body mass index; and baseline Villalta score. Objective: To externally validate the SOX-PTS score. Methods: Logistic regression analysis of data from the ATTRACT Trial that evaluated pharmacomechanical catheter directed thrombolysis in patients with proximal DVT. The primary outcome was the occurrence of PTS (defined as Villalta score ≥ 5) from 6 to 24 months after DVT. Secondary outcomes included moderate-severe PTS (Villalta scale ≥ 10) and severe PTS (Villalta scale ≥ 14). Predictive performance was assessed by discrimination and calibration. An updated score was evaluated in an exploratory analysis. Results: Six hundred and ninety-one ATTRACT patients were included, of whom 328 (47%) developed PTS. The c-statistic was 0.63; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.59-0.67 for PTS. The model's performance appeared to be better for the outcomes moderate to severe PTS and severe PTS (c-statistic 0.67; 95% CI 0.62-0.72 for moderate-severe PTS and 0.70; 0.64-0.77 for severe PTS). An updated model with age as an additional variable performed similarly to the original model. Conclusion: We externally validated the SOX-PTS score for estimating the risk of developing PTS, moderate to severe PTS, and severe PTS, in patients with proximal DVT. The score may be useful to predict PTS at the time of DVT diagnosis. Further external validation in different patient cohorts is required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1381-1389
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • body mass index
  • clinical prediction rule
  • deep vein thrombosis
  • iliac vein
  • postthrombotic syndrome

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