External quality assurance of fibrinogen assays using normal plasma: Results of the 2008 college of american pathologists proficiency testing program in coagulation

Mark T. Cunningham, John D. Olson, Wayne L. Chandler, Elizabeth M. Van Cott, Charles S. Eby, Jun Teruya, Sandra C. Hollensead, Dorothy M. Adcock, Paul M. Allison, Kandice K. Kottke-Marchant, Marc D. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context. - Proper diagnosis and therapy of fibrinogen deficiency requires high-quality fibrinogen assays. Objective. - To assess the interlaboratory bias, precision, and grading of fibrinogen assays used by laboratories participating in the United States College of American Pathologists proficiency testing program in coagulation. Design. - Two identical vials of normal plasma were sent to more than 3500 laboratories. Participants measured fibrinogen levels using local methods. Results. - Fifty different fibrinogen methods were evaluated. All-method bias was 8.3% (range of method-specific biases, 0.0%-27.0%) and all-method coefficient of variation was 7.7%(range ofmethod-specific coefficients of variation, 0.7%-25.8%). After controlling for reagent/instrument type, mean fibrinogen levels were 11.6% higher for prothrombin time-based reagents compared to Clauss (P , .001), and coefficient of variation was 46% lower for mechanical endpoint instruments compared to photo-optical. Most testing events (97.4%) could be reliably graded as pass or fail using a target range of ±20% from the method mean (total pass rate, 98.8%). Total fail rate was 3.0-fold lower for mechanical instruments compared to photo-optical (0.5% versus 1.5%, P = .001). Nonetheless many photo-optical methods had very high precision and very low fail rates. Conclusions. - Fibrinogen assays showed highly variable methodology and performance characteristics. Bias, precision, and grading were affected by the type of reagent or instrument used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)789-795
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Volume136
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

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    Cunningham, M. T., Olson, J. D., Chandler, W. L., Van Cott, E. M., Eby, C. S., Teruya, J., Hollensead, S. C., Adcock, D. M., Allison, P. M., Kottke-Marchant, K. K., & Smith, M. D. (2012). External quality assurance of fibrinogen assays using normal plasma: Results of the 2008 college of american pathologists proficiency testing program in coagulation. Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, 136(7), 789-795. https://doi.org/10.5858/arpa.2011-0322-OA