Extended left hepatectomy for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: Hepatic vein reconstruction with in-situ hypothermic perfusion and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Deniz Balci, Menekse Ozcelik, Elvan Onur Kirimker, Arda Cetinkaya, Evren Ustuner, Mehmet Cakici, Bahadir Inan, Zekeriyya Alanoglu, Sadik Bilgic, Ahmet Ruchan Akar

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Liver resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) with invasion of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and hepatic veins (HV) is a challenging procedure. Case presentation: We report a case of a 63-year-old woman with a 6-cm, centrally located liver mass. Her biochemistry results were normal except for a Ca19-9 level of 1199 U/ml. The liver biopsy was consistent with ICC and 60% macrosteatosis. Abdominal CT scans revealed a large central mass invading the left HV, middle HV and right HV, infringing on their junction with the vena cava. An operation was planned using a 3-dimensional (3D) computer simulation model using dedicated software. We also describe a novel veno-portal-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VPV-ECMO) support with in-situ hypothermic perfusion (IHP) during this procedure. We aimed to perform an extended left hepatectomy and reconstruct 3 right HV orifices with an interposition jump graft to the IVC with total vascular exclusion (TVE) and IHP A supplemental video describing the preoperative planning, the operative procedure with the postoperative follow-up in detail is presented. After the patient was discharged, she developed a hepatic venous outflow obstruction 3 months postoperatively, which was effectively managed with hepatic venous stenting by interventional radiology. She is currently symptom free and without tumour recurrence at the 1-year follow-up. Conclusions: This report demonstrates that extended left hepatectomy for IHC with IHP and VPV-ECMO is safe and feasible under the supervision of a highly experienced team.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7
JournalBMC Surgery
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 31 2018

Keywords

  • ECMO
  • In-situ hypothermic perfusion
  • Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma
  • Total vascular exclusion

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