Insulin-like growth factor-II messenger RNA-binding protein 3 (IGF2BP3 or IMP3) is a biomarker whose expression has been found to be a negative prognostic factor in several neoplasms including ovarian clear cell carcinoma (CCC). In this study, we analyzed the frequency and clinicopathologic significance of IMP3 expression, as assessed by immunohistochemistry and as scored using a modified H-score system, in a cohort of 50 endometrial CCCs. Cases with scores of 0 to 100, 101 to 200, and 201 to 300 were classified as negative/mildly positive (n = 17), moderately positive (n = 20), and strongly positive (n = 13), respectively. A distinctive pattern of increased staining at the myoinvasive front (relative to the main tumor) was evident in 46% of the cases with evaluable foci of myometrial invasion. Moderate/strong IMP3 staining was associated with a tumor architectural pattern that has been reported to be of poor prognostic significance: at least 10% of the tumor composed of solid architecture or individual infiltrating tumor cells (P =.01). Increasing levels of IMP3 expression showed a trend toward decreasing relapse-free survival (RFS; median survival, 75.6, 81.3, and 48.4 months for the negative/mildly, moderately, and strongly positive groups, respectively [P =.09]). However, IMP3 expression was not significantly associated with reduced overall survival or RFS in a multivariate analytic model. The finding in a subset of our cases of increased IMP3 expression at the tumoral myoinvasive front is consistent with a role for IMP3 in invasiveness, as is the trend toward reduced RFS in cases expressing IMP3 at high levels. These preliminary findings suggest that IMP3 expression may be involved in the pathogenesis of CCC and is worthy of further exploration.
- Clear cell carcinoma
- Insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA-binding protein