Expression of the adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein in streptozotocin- diabetes: Effects of insulin deficiency and supplementation

S. A. Melki, N. A. Abumrad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein, aP2 or ALBP, is an abundant cytosolic protein postulated to function in binding and intracellular transport of long-chain fatty acids. In this report, we investigated levels of aP2 mRNA and protein and transcriptional activity of the aP2 gene in tissues from streptozotocin-diabetic rats at different time periods following the induction of diabetes. An average 75% decrease in mRNA for aP2 (relative to mRNA for β-actin) was observed in all diabetic rats at 7 days post-STZ injection. Insulin supplementation rapidly (2 h) restored aP2 mRNA and the insulin effect was cycloheximide-sensitive. Nuclear transcription assays measured a 60% decrease in transcription of the aP2 gene in diabetic rats that was reversed by insulin administration. Levels of aP2 protein were still high, in some cases, 1 day after the decrease in mRNA levels consistent with a long half-life of the protein. Decreases in aP2 protein were rapidly reversed by insulin administration. There were no changes in aP2 protein in the absence of changes in aP2 mRNA supporting a pretranslational mechanism of regulation. The decrease in aP2 mRNA was delayed in onset when compared with the rapid decline (at day 2 of diabetes) of mRNA for the lipogenic enzyme, fatty acid synthase, and with the accelerated depletion of adipose tissue lipid. Adipose tissue weight and lipid content had decreased by more than 80% 3 days before any significant changes in aP2 expression were observed. Changes in aP2 could not be related to changes in the levels of circulating fatty acids that regulate aP2 expression in vitro. The study indicated 1) that insulin deficiency and supplementation can regulate expression of aP2 in vivo and 2) that changes in aP2 levels are unlikely to contribute to the abnormalities of fatty acid metabolism in adipose tissue from diabetic rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1527-1534
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume34
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • adipose tissue
  • fatty acid-binding protein
  • insulin
  • streptozotocin diabetes

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