Expression of human apolipoprotein E downregulates amyloid precursor protein-induced ischemic susceptibility

Milla Koistinaho, Mikko I. Kettunen, David M. Holtzman, Risto A. Kauppinen, Linda S. Higgins, Jari Koistinaho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose - Epidemiological findings and experimental data on transgenic mice show that Alzheimer's disease-related changes render the brain more susceptible to ischemic damage. We studied whether the previously observed vulnerability in mice overexpressing the 751-amino-acid isoform of human amyloid precursor protein (APP751) is regulated by human apolipoprotein E (apoE) alleles, which determine the relative risk for Alzheimer's disease and the susceptibility to various forms of acute brain damage. Methods - Aged apoE knock out (KO) mice, mice overexpressing APP751 in the apoE KO background and mice expressing either human apoE3 or apoE4 and APP751 in the apoE KO background were exposed to permanent occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Infarct volumes were quantified from T2-weighted magnetic resonance images 24 hours after the MCA occlusion. Local cortical blood flow was monitored by laser Doppler flowmetry. Ischemia-induced microgliosis was detected by immunohistochemistry. Results - Overexpression of human APP751 significantly increased the infarct volumes in apoE KO mice. Furthermore, this APP751-induced ischemic vulnerability was attenuated by the coexpression of either human apoE isoform. MCA occlusion resulted in a similar relative reduction in cortical blood flow in all mouse groups. Vascular anatomy showed no variation in the MCA territory between the groups. Instead, the expression of human apoE isoforms reduced the ischemia-induced microgliosis. Conclusions - Expression of either the human apoE3 or apoE4 isoform protects against the increased ischemic vulnerability observed in aged mice overexpressing human APP751, probably by modulating the inflammatory response induced by MCA occlusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1905-1910
Number of pages6
JournalStroke
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 23 2002

Keywords

  • Amyloid precursor protein
  • Apolipoproteins
  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Ischemia

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