Members of the cadherin superfamily mediate critical interactions in tissue differentiation and organogenesis, including differentiation and maintenance of the intestine. In this study, we report the identification and expression of a novel cadherin in the intestinal epithelium. We identified this cDNA by subtraction hybridization and obtained subsequent clones by screening a human cDNA library. Tissue distribution of the mRNA encoding the cadherin was assessed by RNA blot, reverse transcriptase PCR, and in situ hybridization. Protein expression was analyzed by protein blot and immunohistochemistry. The cDNA encodes an integral membrane protein with four consecutive cadherin binding domains followed by a series of mucin domains, a unique feature of this cadherin. Differences in the mucin domains account for four splice-forms. Multiple potential SH3-binding domains and a single potential PDZ-binding domain follow the transmembrane domain. Analysis revealed expression in the liver, kidney, and intestine. Three splice variants were found in the embryonic intestine as early as embryonic d 13 and in the adult intestine. The mRNA localizes to the mature enterocytes throughout the mouse small intestine and the protein, including several species from 90 to 100 kD, resides on the enterocyte basolateral membrane. We have identified intestinal expression of a novel cell cadherin with features suggesting the potential to transduce signals from neighboring cells to the cytoplasm.
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Jun 2004|