Subjects in the midst of a major depressive episode completed the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) prior to beginning an open trial of nefazodone. A multiple regression analysis was used to further examine the finding of Joyce et al. (1994; Temperament predicts clomipramine and desipramine response in major depression, J. Affect. Disord. 30 (1994) 35-46) that a model involving TPQ Reward Dependence and Harm Avoidance scores, and their interaction, significantly predicted treatment response. The model was found to have significant predictive value (R2 = 0.011, P = 0.0053), but to account for a trivial 1.1% of the variance. Individuals with high Reward Dependence scores had a significantly lower response rate when response was defined as a 60% reduction from baseline HAM-D score. Although the clinical utility of the present findings is uncertain, this line of investigation attempting to link temperament to pharmacological response represents a potentially useful future strategy.
- Major depressive disorder
- Tridimensional personality questionnaire