Exploring the physiological correlates of chronic mild traumatic brain injury symptoms

Serguei V. Astafiev, Kristina L. Zinn, Gordon L. Shulman, Maurizio Corbetta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on the results of a multimodal imaging study involving behavioral assessments, evoked and resting-state BOLD fMRI, and DTI in chronic mTBI subjects. We found that larger task-evoked BOLD activity in the MT+/LO region in extra-striate visual cortex correlated with mTBI and PTSD symptoms, especially light sensitivity. Moreover, higher FA values near the left optic radiation (OR) were associated with both light sensitivity and higher BOLD activity in the MT+/LO region. The MT+/LO region was localized as a region of abnormal functional connectivity with central white matter regions previously found to have abnormal physiological signals during visual eye movement tracking (Astafiev et al., 2015). We conclude that mTBI symptoms and light sensitivity may be related to excessive responsiveness of visual cortex to sensory stimuli. This abnormal sensitivity may be related to chronic remodeling of white matter visual pathways acutely injured.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-19
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroImage: Clinical
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Behavioral assessments
  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • MRI
  • Traumatic brain injury

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