Experimental implementation of a polyenergetic statistical reconstruction algorithm for a commercial fan-beam CT scanner

Joshua D. Evans, Bruce R. Whiting, David G. Politte, Joseph A. O'Sullivan, Paul F. Klahr, Jeffrey F. Williamson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Purpose: To present a framework for characterizing the data needed to implement a polyenergetic model-based statistical reconstruction algorithm, Alternating Minimization (AM), on a commercial fan-beam CT scanner and a novel method for assessing the accuracy of the commissioned data model. Methods: The X-ray spectra for three tube potentials on the Philips Brilliance CT scanner were estimated by fitting a semi-empirical X-ray spectrum model to transmission measurements. Spectral variations due to the bowtie filter were computationally modeled. Eight homogeneous cylinders of PMMA, Teflon and water with varying diameters were scanned at each energy. Central-axis scatter was measured for each cylinder using a beam-stop technique. AM reconstruction with a single-basis object-model matched to the scanned cylinder's composition allows assessment of the accuracy of the AM algorithm's polyenergetic data model. Filtered-backprojection (FBP) was also performed to compare consistency metrics such as uniformity and object-size dependence. Results: The spectrum model fit measured transmission curves with residual root-mean-square-error of 1.20%-1.34% for the three scanning energies. The estimated spectrum and scatter data supported polyenergetic AM reconstruction of the test cylinders to within 0.5% of expected in the matched object-model reconstruction test. In comparison to FBP, polyenergetic AM exhibited better uniformity and less object-size dependence. Conclusions: Reconstruction using a matched object-model illustrate that the polyenergetic AM algorithm's data model was commissioned to within 0.5% of an expected ground truth. These results support ongoing and future research with polyenergetic AM reconstruction of commercial fan-beam CT data for quantitative CT applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)500-512
Number of pages13
JournalPhysica Medica
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2013


  • Alternating Minimization
  • Model-based statistical iterative reconstruction
  • Polyenergetic statistical reconstruction
  • Quantitative computed tomography


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