Experimental hemochromatosis due to MHC class I HFE deficiency: Immune status and iron metabolism

Seiamak Bahram, Susan Gilfillan, Lukas C. Kühn, Rémy Moret, Johannes B. Schulze, Annette Lebeau, Klaus Schümann

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154 Scopus citations

Abstract

The puzzling linkage between genetic hemochromatosis and histocompatibility loci became even more so when the gene involved, HFE, was identified. Indeed, within the well defined, mainly peptide-binding, MHC class I family of molecules, HFE seems to perform an unusual yet essential function. As yet, our understanding of HFE function in iron homeostasis is only partial; an even more open question is its possible role in the immune system. To advance on both of these avenues, we report the deletion of HFE α1 and α2 putative ligand binding domains in vivo. HFE-deficient animals were analyzed for a comprehensive set of metabolic and immune parameters. Faithfully mimicking human hemochromatosis, mice homozygous for this deletion develop iron overload, characterized by a higher plasma iron content and a raised transferrin saturation as well as an elevated hepatic iron load. The primary defect could, indeed, be traced to an augmented duodenal iron absorption. In parallel, measurement of the gut mucosal iron content as well as iron regulatory proteins allows a more informed evaluation of various hypotheses regarding the precise role of HFE in iron homeostasis. Finally, an extensive phenotyping of primary and secondary lymphoid organs including the gut provides no compelling evidence for an obvious immune-linked function for HFE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13312-13317
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume96
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 9 1999

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