Expectations of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Fellows; Do We Meet Them?

Spyridon Pagkratis, Edward E. Cho, Frances Lewis, Katie Miller, Houssam Osman, Maria B.M. Doyle, D. Rohan Jeyarajah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: There are 16 accredited hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) fellowships in North America. The purpose of this study is to portray the expectations of the incoming HPB fellows about their training and its implication on their career. Design: A 29-questions survey was sent out to all HPB fellows starting in August 2017. The survey was divided in 3 sections depicting background, in-training and postfellowship expectations. Descriptive statistics were generated for aggregate survey responses. Setting: This study was performed through an online questionnaire that was sent to the participants via e-mail. The answers were processed in our offices in Methodist Richardson Medical Center, in Richardson, Texas which is a private tertiary medical center part of the Methodist Health System. Participants: Participants were all incoming HPB Fellows (In HPB fellowship programs accredited by the Fellowship Council) starting their fellowship in August 2017. Results: We had a 94% response rate. Forty-six percent of fellows anticipate doing about 150 to 250 HPB cases during the fellowship, and all 15 fellows anticipate having at least 1 publication during fellowship. Despite that >90% of fellows believe that minimally invasive surgery (MIS) approaches will be more frequently utilized in HPB surgery, only 3/15 anticipate being able to apply MIS techniques and only 54% will be robotically trained. Interestingly the majority of fellows believe that the attending should be performing the case the first few months. Conclusion: The trainees believe that case volume is the most important factor for choosing a fellowship and for adequate training. Most of the fellows anticipate doing adequate number of cases but only the minority feels they will be adequately trained in MIS-robotic techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1546-1555
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019


  • Hepato-pancreato-biliaty fellowship
  • Medical Knowledge
  • Practice-Based Learning and Improvement
  • Professionalism
  • autonomy during fellowship
  • minimally invasive surgery
  • robotic surgery training
  • surgical education


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