Expanding the Epitranscriptomic RNA Sequencing and Modification Mapping Mass Spectrometry Toolbox with Field Asymmetric Waveform Ion Mobility and Electrochemical Elution Liquid Chromatography

Richard Lauman, Hee Jong Kim, Lindsay K. Pino, Alessandro Scacchetti, Yixuan Xie, Faith Robison, Simone Sidoli, Roberto Bonasio, Benjamin A. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Post-transcriptional modifications of RNA strongly influence the RNA structure and function. Recent advances in RNA sequencing and mass spectrometry (MS) methods have identified over 140 of these modifications on a wide variety of RNA species. Most next-generation sequencing approaches can only map one RNA modification at a time, and while MS can assign multiple modifications simultaneously in an unbiased manner, MS cannot accurately catalog and assign RNA modifications in complex biological samples due to limitations in the fragment length and coverage depth. Thus, a facile method to identify novel RNA modifications while simultaneously locating them in the context of their RNA sequences is still lacking. We combined two orthogonal modes of RNA ion separation before MS identification: high-field asymmetric ion mobility separation (FAIMS) and electrochemically modulated liquid chromatography (EMLC). FAIMS RNA MS increases both coverage and throughput, while EMLC LC-MS orthogonally separates RNA molecules of different lengths and charges. The combination of the two methods offers a broadly applicable platform to improve the length and depth of MS-based RNA sequencing while providing contextual access to the analysis of RNA modifications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5187-5195
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume95
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 2023

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