This chapter discusses the link between exogenous hormones and cancer. It focuses on estrogen and progesterone effects on tissues of the breast, endometrium, uterine cervix, ovary, and colon. All measures of association (odds ratios (ORs), relative risks (RRs), and hazard ratios (HRs)) for oral contraceptives (OCs) include women who never used OCs as the referent group. Similarly, associations for hormone therapy reflect no menopausal hormone use as the referent group.
|Title of host publication||Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|ISBN (Print)||0195149610, 9780195149616|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2009|
- Cancer risk
- Hormone therapy
- Oral contraceptives