Exogenous Hormones

James V. Lacey, Graham A. Colditz, David Schottenfeld

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter discusses the link between exogenous hormones and cancer. It focuses on estrogen and progesterone effects on tissues of the breast, endometrium, uterine cervix, ovary, and colon. All measures of association (odds ratios (ORs), relative risks (RRs), and hazard ratios (HRs)) for oral contraceptives (OCs) include women who never used OCs as the referent group. Similarly, associations for hormone therapy reflect no menopausal hormone use as the referent group.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCancer Epidemiology and Prevention
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199865062
ISBN (Print)0195149610, 9780195149616
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Cancer risk
  • Estrogen
  • Hormone therapy
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Progesterone
  • Women

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  • Cite this

    Lacey, J. V., Colditz, G. A., & Schottenfeld, D. (2009). Exogenous Hormones. In Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0024