Exercise training and PI3Kα-induced electrical remodeling is independent of cellular hypertrophy and Akt signaling

Kai Chien Yang, Yi Tang Tseng, Jeanne M. Nerbonne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

In contrast with pathological hypertrophy, exercise-induced physiological hypertrophy is not associated with electrical abnormalities or increased arrhythmia risk. Recent studies have shown that increased cardiac-specific expression of phosphoinositide-3-kinase-α (PI3Kα), the key mediator of physiological hypertrophy, results in transcriptional upregulation of ion channel subunits in parallel with the increase in myocyte size (cellular hypertrophy) and the maintenance of myocardial excitability. The experiments here were undertaken to test the hypothesis that Akt1, which underlies PI3Kα-induced cellular hypertrophy, mediates the effects of augmented PI3Kα signaling on the transcriptional regulation of cardiac ion channels. In contrast to wild-type animals, chronic exercise (swim) training of mice (Akt1-/-) lacking Akt1 did not result in ventricular myocyte hypertrophy. Ventricular K+ current amplitudes and the expression of K+ channel subunits, however, were increased markedly in Akt1-/- animals with exercise training. Expression of the transcripts encoding inward (Na+ and Ca2+) channel subunits were also increased in Akt1-/- ventricles following swim training. Additional experiments in a transgenic mouse model of inducible cardiac-specific expression of constitutively active PI3Kα (icaPI3Kα) revealed that short-term activation of PI3Kα signaling in the myocardium also led to the transcriptional upregulation of ion channel subunits. Inhibition of cardiac Akt activation with triciribine in this (inducible caPI3Kα expression) model did not prevent the upregulation of myocardial ion channel subunits. These combined observations demonstrate that chronic exercise training and enhanced PI3Kα expression/activity result in transcriptional upregulation of myocardial ion channel subunits independent of cellular hypertrophy and Akt signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-541
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Akt
  • Electrical remodeling
  • Ion channel
  • PI3Kα signaling

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