Examining the role of perceived susceptibility on colorectal cancer screening intention and behavior

Amy McQueen, Sally W. Vernon, Alexander J. Rothman, Gregory J. Norman, Ronald E. Myers, Barbara C. Tilley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although support exists for multiple psychosocial predictors of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, little is known about the relationships among these variables. Understanding the associations between such predictors could refine health behavior theories and inform the design of interventions. In addition to direct effects, we examined whether baseline perceived susceptibility was a moderator of, or was mediated by, changes in other psychosocial determinants of CRC screening intention and behavior. Longitudinal path models were tested using data from 1,001 white male automotive workers who participated in The Next Step Trial. Our sample included workers with no history of CRC who were due for CRC screening but did not complete CRC screening prior to the assessment of hypothesized mediators at year 1 follow-up. Perceived susceptibility interacted differently with four psychosocial constructs in models predicting CRC screening intention or behavior. Perceived susceptibility was independent of perceived benefits, moderated the change in perceived barriers and self-efficacy, and was mediated by the change in family influence. The role of perceived susceptibility was not limited to direct effects but involved mediating and moderating pathways of influence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-217
Number of pages13
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Perceived susceptibility
  • Screening

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